A round is a song with one melody line that is sung or played in parts, with each part beginning at a different time, creating harmony. The melody is sung […]


Rondo is an Italian word that means round. A rondo is an instrumental form with a refrain that keeps coming back. Unlike the verses of a song, though, the music […]


Romantic music came into its own at the beginning of the 19th century. Music from this era sounds almost boundless and free from any limitations of form. Much of this […]


The pattern of musical movement through time formed by a series of notes differing in duration and stress.


A free-form piece that takes different tunes and strings them together.


Rests have the same time value as notes. When a rest is written in a piece of music, it means that the player pauses for that amount of time before […]


French for “rebirth.” The period of music history from around 1400 to the early 1600’s that coincided with a revival of interest in art, architecture, literature, and learning throughout Europe.


Like a chorus, but for instrumental music.


A thin piece of cane or metal that vibrates when air is blown over it. Used in woodwind instruments to make sound.


A woodwind instrument. It is held pointed down and blown into through a mouthpiece. By covering and uncovering holes on the recorder, the player can make different notes.