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Leonard Bernstein
Overture to "Candide"

Operettas in English

Leonard Bernstein's "Candide" is an operetta. An operetta is like an opera, with one big difference. In opera, everything is sung, but in operetta, there are spoken lines between the singing. Composers who wrote operettas in English include Sir Arthur Sullivan (who can't be separated from William S. Gilbert, who wrote the words for Gilbert and Sullivan operettas), Victor Herbert, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Friml.

Track list:
Offenbach: Orpheus in the Underworld: Can-Can
Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance: With Cat Like Tread
Sullivan: Mikado: Duet (Katisha and Ko-Ko)
Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance: I am the Very Model of a Modern Major General
Herbert: Babes in Toyland: March
Romberg: The Student Prince: Drink! Drink! Drink!
Friml: Rose Marie: Indian Love Call
DeKoven: Oh, Promise Me
Sousa: The Irish Dragoon: Circus Galop
Bernstein: Candide: Overture

Classics for Kids Quiz

1. How is operetta different from opera?

It is sung in English.

There is dancing.

There are no costumes.

There is no orchestra.

There are spoken lines between the singing.


2.Which American composer of marches also wrote operettas?

Aaron Copland

John Philip Sousa

George Gershwin

Charles Ives

Amy Beach


3. In England and America, operetta developed into what form?

Oratorio

Concerto

Symphony

Musical Theatre

Drama


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