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Franz Joseph Haydn:
About Franz Joseph Haydn


Franz Joseph Haydn spent over thirty years working as music director for the Esterhazy family. By the end of his life, Haydn was both rich and famous, and he had gotten along well with his employers - pretty unusual for a composer of that time.

Music heard in this episode:
Haydn: The Creation
Haydn: Piano Concerto in D
Haydn: Symphony #94
Haydn: Cello Concerto in C
Haydn: Fedelta Premiata: Overture
Haydn: String Quartet #1
Haydn: Emperor Quartet
Haydn: Symphony #104

Other shows about Franz Joseph Haydn:
Father of the Symphony
The Farewell Symphony
Minuets
Patriotic Songs By Classical Composers

Download this month's activity sheet



About Franz Joseph Haydn
3/31/1732 - 5/31/1809
Born in Austria

Franz Joseph Haydn was the most famous composer of his time. He helped develop new musical forms, like the string quartet and the symphony. In fact, even though he didn't invent it, Haydn is known as the "Father of the Symphony."

Haydn was born in the tiny Austrian town of Rohrau, where his father made huge wooden carts and wagonwheels. His mother was a cook. When he was 8, Joseph (he didn't go by Franz) went to Vienna to sing in the choir at St. Stephen's Cathedral, and to attend the choir school. His younger brother Michael joined him a short time later. Joseph could never resist a playing a joke, which got him in trouble at school. Since Michael Haydn was much better behaved than his brother, everyone thought he would be the more successful musician. Wrong!

At first, Haydn struggled to earn a living as a composer. Then, he got a job with a rich, powerful family named Esterhazy. It was Haydn's job to write music for the Esterhazy princes, and to conduct their orchestra. Haydn composed symphonies, operas, string quartets, and all kinds of other music for performance at the Esterhazy court.

Haydn was also a good businessman. Music publishing made him and his music famous all over Europe. After he retired from working for the Esterhazy family, Haydn made two very successful trips to England, where audiences at concerts of his music treated him like a superstar.

See other composers born in Austria

 

This Week's Quiz:

1. Haydn was a servant who worked for some very rich princes.

True

False


2.What country did Haydn visit?

England

France

Norway

Switzerland

Spain


3. What form of music did Haydn create?

concerto

fugue

string quartet

sonata

minuet



 

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