Instruments

Instrument Families

See how the instruments are categorized.



Autoharp
A strummed instrument with strings stretched across a resonating box. Buttons on th autoharp control bars that dampen all strings except the ones needed to produce a desired chord.




Banjo
A stringed instrument in the guitar family with a long neck, five strings and a round body like a tambourine with an open back. A banjo's strings are strummed or plucked with the fingers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Concertina
An instrument with expanding bellows like an accordian, but with buttons, instead of keys, for playing the melody.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Dulcimer
An early stringed instrument whose strings are stretched across a wooden sound box and hit with small hammers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Fiddle
The highest pitched member of the string instrument family. It has a shallow wooden body, four strings that are tuned with pegs, and it is played with a bow.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Guitar
A stringed instrument with a long neck and a flat, hollow body. Its strings are plucked or strummed with the fingers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Harmonica
A wind instrument consisting of a set of metal reeds inside a wooden or plastic case, with a metal cover plate. The reeds vibrate to produce pitches when air is blown or drawn through the instrument. Forcing air into a hole by blowing creates one pitch, and drawing air through the same hole by sucking creates a different pitch.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Mandolin
A small, stringed instrument of the lute family. It has a pear shaped body, strings in four pairs and a neck similar to a guitar.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Ukulele
A small wooden instrument with four strings, similar to a guitar. The ukulele was brought to Hawaii by Portuguese settlers in the 1870’s, and quickly became popular with native Hawaiians.


Instruments

Instrument Families

See how the instruments are categorized.



Autoharp
A strummed instrument with strings stretched across a resonating box. Buttons on th autoharp control bars that dampen all strings except the ones needed to produce a desired chord.




Banjo
A stringed instrument in the guitar family with a long neck, five strings and a round body like a tambourine with an open back. A banjo's strings are strummed or plucked with the fingers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Concertina
An instrument with expanding bellows like an accordian, but with buttons, instead of keys, for playing the melody.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Dulcimer
An early stringed instrument whose strings are stretched across a wooden sound box and hit with small hammers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Fiddle
The highest pitched member of the string instrument family. It has a shallow wooden body, four strings that are tuned with pegs, and it is played with a bow.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Guitar
A stringed instrument with a long neck and a flat, hollow body. Its strings are plucked or strummed with the fingers.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Harmonica
A wind instrument consisting of a set of metal reeds inside a wooden or plastic case, with a metal cover plate. The reeds vibrate to produce pitches when air is blown or drawn through the instrument. Forcing air into a hole by blowing creates one pitch, and drawing air through the same hole by sucking creates a different pitch.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Mandolin
A small, stringed instrument of the lute family. It has a pear shaped body, strings in four pairs and a neck similar to a guitar.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Ukulele
A small wooden instrument with four strings, similar to a guitar. The ukulele was brought to Hawaii by Portuguese settlers in the 1870’s, and quickly became popular with native Hawaiians.


 

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