May 7, 1833 - April 3, 1897
Johannes Brahms was born in the German city of Hamburg. His father was a musician who played several instruments but was not good at managing the family's money. As a result, they moved a lot. Mr. and Mrs. Brahms did make sure that Johannes and his brother attended good schools. Johannes loved to read and built up a huge library. He also loved music and learned to play the piano, horn and cello.
When Brahms was older, he toured as an accompanist, playing piano for a Hungarian violinist. That music -- and the gypsy bands Brahms heard later on when he traveled to Hungary -- inspired his Hungarian Dances, which were a hit with the public. He wrote 21 dances in all. The most famous one is the Hungarian Dance No. 5.
Many people considered Brahms to be the successor to Beethoven. For a long time, he didn't want to write a symphony, because he was afraid his work would not be as good as Beethoven's. Brahms ended up writing four symphonies, plus pieces in every musical form except opera. You may know one of his most famous pieces, the Lullaby.
In fact, Brahms became so famous, he is now known as one of the 3 B's -- Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms -- of classical music.
See other composers from the Romantic period